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Afghanistan-Taliban Crisis, Sharia law & womens security in Afgan | Taliban 2.0
The current situation in Afghanistan is not only a situation of crisis but its more about a situation of threat to the world peace, a monstrous situation causing large-scale deaths of many innocents and a major loss of freedom and security of individuals. The current deadly situation is an outcome of a number of monstrous events of the past.
The history of this bitter conflict begins when the Soviet Military invaded Afghanistan in 1979. The groups of guerrilla fighters also known as Mujahideen fought against the Soviet forces that caused large-scale deaths of the Afghan civilians. This also led to the fleeing of millions of Afghans to neighboring country Pakistan as refugees.
In the year 1988 in geneva (Switzerland), Pakistan and Afghanistan signed three bilateral agreements to end the war in Afghanistan. The United States and the Soviet Union signed the “Declaration on International Guarantees” as state guarantors. On 15th February 1989, the last Soviet soldier, Lt. General Boris Gromov walks with his son on the bridge linking Afghanistan to Uzbekistan, the last Soviet soldier leaving Afghanistan.
The 1900-2000 Period
After the withdrawal of Soviet forces and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Mohammad Najibullah was blocked from leaving Afghanistan, so he takes refugee in the Kabul United Nations compound. Kabul comes under brutal attack by forces loyal to Mujahideen leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.
After this, The Al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden enters Afghanistan. He was one of the so-called “Afghan Arabs” who joined the anti-Soviet fight. The Taliban take over Kabul on 26th September 1996. The former President Najibullah was captured and killed. After gaining control over the country, the Taliban impose their rules that snatched away all the basic rights of women. The 2001 attack, the deadliest terrorist attack on America shook the entire nation. Some 2,750 people were killed in New York, 184 at the Pentagon, and 40 in Pennsylvania (where one of the hijacked planes crashed after the passengers attempted to retake the plane); all 19 terrorists died.
The current situation and Taliban 2.0
The Taliban still remains a credible fighting source. The Taliban return (Taliban 2.0) is scarier and deadlier, especially for Afghan women. There are reports of forced marriages, rapes, and women employees being forced out of their jobs. A large part of the country is under the control of these brutal leaders. The intensified violence is a cause of a number of deaths. After taking the control of the provinces Badakhshan and Takhar, an order was issued to provide a list of girls over the age of 15 and widows under the age of 45 for marriage with the Taliban fighters. No woman is supposed to leave the house without a chadari or a full-face veil. A male escort is a must with every female, emergency services like medical treatment or visiting a female doctor will be denied in absence of a mahram.
This takeover squashed the dreams of Afghan women athletes and at the same time making their lives no less than any “risk”. Khalida Popal, who is currently in Denmark since 2016 receives threats. “I have been encouraging to take down social media channels, take down photos, escape and hide themselves,” said Popal. Sportswomen in Afghanistan be it
football, cricket or taekwondo fighters are facing massive problems due to this. Even the
male cricketers like Rashid Khan and Mohammad Nabi took to Twitter asking world leaders for their support and not to let their country go into chaos. Zarifa Ghafari, Afghanistan’s first and youngest female mayor is living in fear. She hoped that the militant groups won’t take control over Kabul, but the capital was taken over by the Taliban. “They will come for people like me and kill me,” said Afghan advocate, activist, and politician Zarifa Ghafari.
What is Sharia law? What does it mean for women in Afghanistan?
Sharia is Islam’s general set of laws.
It is gotten from the Quran, Islam’s heavenly book, just as the Sunnah and Hadith – the deeds and maxims of the Prophet Muhammad.
Where an answer can’t be gotten straightforwardly from these, strict researchers might give decisions as direction on a specific point or question.
The Afghani women will have rights “within the bounds of Islamic laws” or Shariah law. For now, it’s not clear what comes under these laws. History has shown suppression of women by the Taliban, so it makes no sense to keep high hopes. Critics have said that the Taliban restriction on women is beyond the bounds of Shariah. Shariah does not forbid women to leave home without a male escort or restricts them from working in most of the jobs. The Taliban won the twenty-year-old war, President Ashraf Ghani fled the country. He left in order to avoid violence and bloodshed. His first statement after the taking over of his Presidential Palace was “The Taliban have made it to remove me; they are here to attack all Kabul and the people of Kabul. In order to avoid the bleeding flood, I thought it was best to get out.” There are high possibilities for Taliban Abdul Baradar to become the next President of Afghanistan. “I want to congratulate the Muslim Afghan people on this huge victory,” Taliban co-founder Abdul Ghani Baradar announced on Sunday, 15 August.
The Taliban face off in Afghanistan’s Panjshir valley | Afghan Resistance Leader Ahmad Massoud
Ahmad Massoud, the child of incredible Afghan agitator authority Ahmad Shah Massoud, has withdrawn to his local Panjshir valley north of Kabul alongside previous VP Amrullah Saleh.
“I would like to bite the dust than to give up,” Massoud disclosed to French rationalist Bernard-Henri Levy in his first meeting since the Taliban took over Kabul. “I’m the child of Ahmad Chah Massoud. Give up isn’t a word in my jargon.”
Massoud guaranteed that “thousands” of men were joining his National Resistance Front in Panjshir valley, which was never caught by attacking Soviet powers in 1979 or the Taliban during their first period in power from 1996-2001.
He restored his allure for help from unfamiliar pioneers, including French President Emmanuel Macron, and communicated harshness at being denied weapons without further ado before the fall of Kabul recently.
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Article By: Anshika Barai ( Youth Writer )
Follow Writer on Instagram: @anshika-barai